Mr Francis Markham

Francis Markham
PhD Student
Geography Building (48A)
 +61 2 612 59736





Francis Markham commenced a PhD studentship at the Fenner School of Environment and Society at The ANU in 2013, where his research uses geographic methods to investigate the local impacts of poker machines.

In 2014, he worked as a research officer at the Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy at the ANU, investigating characterising the extent and composition of Indigenous-held land in Australia and the estimation Indigenous permanent and temporary migration.

In 2011-12, he was a research associate at the Menzies School of Health Research in Darwin, where he worked on an ARC Linkage project entitled "Gambling-related harm in Northern Australia: A GIS-based spatiotemporal analysis of venue catchments." He holds a Bachelor of Arts / Bachelor of Science (Honours) from The ANU.

At the Fenner School, Markham’s primary PhD supervisor is Senior Lecturer Bruce Doran. He also works closely with Associate Professor Martin Young from the Centre for Gambling Education and Research at Southern Cross University.


Research interests

Thesis title

A geographic approach to investigating the local impacts of electronic gaming machines

Thesis description 

Electronic gaming machines or ‘poker machines’ have wide-ranging social and health impacts that are often felt in highly local contexts. Yet most academic research on poker machines to date has taken place at national or state scales, ignoring the importance of local geographic context.

My thesis aims to mitigate these shortcomings by applying geographic information systems techniques such as trade area analysis and small area modelling to better understand the distribution of gambling-related harms. In addition, my thesis develops methods for modelling the local impacts of poker machines that can be used to increase the transparency of evidence-based licensing and regulatory decisions.

Finally, by drawing on survey and administrative data, my research makes the case for the use of player loss data in gambling research and licensing.


A full publication list is available on Google Scholar at 

Markham, F., & Young, M. (2016). Commentary on Dowling et al. (2016): Is it time to stop conducting problem gambling prevalence studies? Addiction, 111(3), 436–437. 

Markham, F., Young, M., & Doran, B. (2016). The relationship between player losses and gambling-related harm: evidence from nationally representative cross-sectional surveys in four countries. Addiction, 111(2), 320–330.

Altman, J., & Markham, F. (2015). Burgeoning Indigenous land ownership: Diverse values and strategic potentialities. In S. Brennan, M. Davis, B. Edgeworth, & L. Terrill (Eds.), Native Title From Mabo to Akiba: A Vehicle for Change and Empowerment? Sydney: Federation Press.

Markham, F., & Young, M. (2015). ‘Big Gambling’: The rise of the global industry-state gambling complex. Addiction Research & Theory, 23(1), 1–4.

Markham, F., & Doran, B. (2015). Equity, discrimination and remote policy: Investigating the centralization of remote service delivery in the Northern Territory. Applied Geography, 58, 105–115. 

Markham, F. (2015). Book review: Qualitative Research in Gambling: Exploring the Production and Consumption of Risk. Urban Studies, 52(6), 1194–1197. 

Markham, F. (2015). The Open Accessibility and Remoteness Index for Australia: Technical Report. Figshare.

Young, M., & Markham, F. (2015). Beyond disclosure: gambling research, political economy, and incremental reform. International Gambling Studies, 15(1), 6–9. 

Young, M., Markham, F., Reis, A. C., & Higham, J. E. S. (2015). Flights of fantasy: A reformulation of the flyers’ dilemma. Annals of Tourism Research, 54, 1–15.

McFadden, A. J., Young, M., & Markham, F. (2015). Venue-Level Predictors of Alcohol-Related Violence: An Exploratory Study in Melbourne, Australia. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1–14.

Markham, F., Young, M., & Doran, B. (2014). Gambling expenditure predicts harm: evidence from a venue-level study. Addiction, 109(9), 1509–1516.

Markham, F., Doran, B., & Young, M. (2014). Estimating gambling venue catchments for impact assessment using a calibrated gravity model. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 28(2), 326–342.

Markham, F., Doran, B., & Young, M. (2014). The Spatial Extents of Casino Catchments in Australia. Growth and Change, 45(1), 60–78.

Young, M., Doran, B., & Markham, F. (2014). Gambling Harm in the Northern Territory: An Atlas of Venue Catchments (ISBN No. 978-0-646-90607-2). Darwin, N.T.: Northern Territory Department of Business. Available from

Young, M., & Markham, F. (2014). Boozing and losing: The relationships between alcohol and gambling. Australasian Epidemiologist, 21(2), 25–27.

Biddle, N., & Markham, F. (2013). Mobility. CAEPR 2011 Census Papers No. 9. Canberra: Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, The Australian National University.

Markham, F., & White, J. (2013). ‘The Quiet Revolution’? Indigenous employment, the mining boom and official statistics. Arena Magazine, 124, 41–43.

Markham, F., Young, M., & Doran, B. (2013). Detection of Problem Gambler Subgroups Using Recursive Partitioning. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 11(3), 281–291.

Markham, F., Bath, J., Taylor, J., & Doran, B. (2013). New directions in Indigenous service population estimation.  CAEPR Working Paper No. 88. Canberra: Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, The Australian National University.

Young, M., Doran, B., & Markham, F. (2013). Gambling Spaces and the Racial Dialectics of Social Inclusion: A Case Study of a Remote Australian Casino. Geographical Research, 51(2), 192–203. 

Young, M., Markham, F., & Doran, B. (2013). Gambling spaces and the paradox of Aboriginal social inclusion. In R. Craven, A. Dillon, & N. Parbury (Eds.), In Black and White: Australians All at the Crossroads (pp. 275–286). Ballan, Victoria: Connor Court Publishing.

Lea, T., Young, M., Markham, F., Holmes, C., & Doran, B. (2012). Being Moved (On): The Biopolitics of Walking in Australia’s Frontier Towns. Radical History Review, 2012(114), 139–163. 

Markham, F., Young, M., & Doran, B. (2012). The relationship between alcohol consumption, gambling behaviour and problem gambling during a single visit to a gambling venue. Drug and Alcohol Review, 31(6), 770–777.

Young, M., Markham, F., & Doran, B. (2012). Too close to home? The relationships between residential distance to venue and gambling outcomes. International Gambling Studies, 12(2), 257–273. 

Young, M., Markham, F., & Doran, B. (2012). Placing bets: Gambling venues and the distribution of harm. Australian Geographer, 43(4), 425–444. 

Updated:  26 September 2016/Responsible Officer:  Director Fenner School/Page Contact:  Webmaster Fenner School