Francis Markham commenced a PhD studentship at the Fenner School of Environment and Society at The ANU in 2013, where his research uses geographic methods to investigate the local impacts of poker machines.
In 2014, he worked as a research officer at the Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy at the ANU, investigating characterising the extent and composition of Indigenous-held land in Australia and the estimation Indigenous permanent and temporary migration.
He has undertaken gambling research in the ANU School of Sociology, where he contributed to estimates of problem gambling expenditure shares. In 2011-12, he was a research associate at the Menzies School of Health Research in Darwin, where he worked on an ARC Linkage project entitled "Gambling-related harm in Northern Australia: A GIS-based spatiotemporal analysis of venue catchments." He holds a Bachelor of Arts / Bachelor of Science (Honours) from The ANU.
At the Fenner School, Markham’s primary PhD supervisor is Senior Lecturer Bruce Doran. He also works closely with Associate Professor Martin Young from the Centre for Gambling Education and Research at Southern Cross University.
An investigation of the spatial patterning of gambling-related harm and the total consumption theory of gambling
Electronic gaming machines or ‘poker machines’ have wide-ranging social and health impacts that are often felt in highly local contexts. Yet most academic research on poker machines to date has taken place at national or state scales, ignoring the importance of local geographic context. My thesis aims to mitigate these shortcomings by applying geographic information systems techniques such as trade area analysis and small area modelling to better understand the distribution of gambling-related harms. In addition, my thesis develops methods for modelling the local impacts of poker machines that can be used to increase the transparency of evidence-based licensing and regulatory decisions. Finally, by drawing on survey and administrative data, my research makes the case for the use of player loss data in gambling research and licensing.
Markham, F., Doran, B., & Young, M. (2016). The relationship between electronic gaming machine accessibility and police-recorded domestic violence: A spatio-temporal analysis of 654 postcodes in Victoria, Australia, 2005–2014. Social Science & Medicine, 162, 106–114. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.06.008
Markham, F., Young, M., & Doran, B. (2016). The relationship between player losses and gambling-related harm: evidence from nationally representative cross-sectional surveys in four countries. Addiction, 1–11. doi:10.1111/add.13178
Markham, F. & Young, M. (2016). Commentary on Dowling et al. (2016): Is it time to stop conducting problem gambling prevalence studies? Addiction, 1–3. doi:10.1111/add.13216
Sloan, N., Doran, B., Markham, F., & Pammer, K. (2016). Does base map size and imagery matter in sketch mapping? Applied Geography, 71, 24–31. doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2016.04.001
Davidson, T., Rodgers, B., Markham, F., & Taylor-Rodgers, E. (2016). Gambling expenditure in the ACT (2014): By level of problem gambling, type of activity and socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. Canberra: Centre for Gambling Research, The Australian National University. Available from: http://sociology.cass.anu.edu.au/sites/default/files/documents/2014_Gambling_Expenditure.pdf
Markham, F., & Doran, B. (2015). Equity, discrimination and remote policy: Investigating the centralization of remote service delivery in the Northern Territory. Applied Geography, 58, 105–115. doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2015.01.020
Markham, F., & Young, M. (2015). ‘Big Gambling’: The rise of the global industry-state gambling complex. Addiction Research & Theory, 23(1), 1–4. doi:10.3109/16066359.2014.929118
Markham, F. (2015). Book review: Qualitative Research in Gambling: Exploring the Production and Consumption of Risk. Urban Studies, 52(6), 1194–1197. doi: 10.1177/0042098015572088
Altman, J., & Markham, F. (2015). Burgeoning Indigenous land ownership: Diverse values and strategic potentialities. In S. Brennan, M. Davis, B. Edgeworth, & L. Terrill (Eds.), Native Title From Mabo to Akiba: A Vehicle for Change and Empowerment? Sydney: Federation Press.
McFadden, A. J., Young, M., & Markham, F. (2015). Venue-Level Predictors of Alcohol-Related Violence: An Exploratory Study in Melbourne, Australia. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1–14. doi:10.1007/s11469-015-9552-3
Young, M., & Markham, F. (2015). Beyond disclosure: gambling research, political economy, and incremental reform. International Gambling Studies, 15(1), 6–9. doi:10.1080/14459795.2014.995201
Young, M., Markham, F., Reis, A.C., & Higham, J.E.S. (2015). Flights of fantasy: A reformulation of the flyers’ dilemma. Annals of Tourism Research, 54, 1–15. doi:10.1016/j.annals.2015.05.015
Rodgers, B., Davidson, T., Markham, F., Suomi, A., Taylor-Rodgers, E., & Cowlishaw, S. (2015). Gambling expenditure in the ACT (2009): By level of problem gambling, type of activity and socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. Canberra: Centre for Gambling Research, The Australian National University. Available from: http://sociology.cass.anu.edu.au/sites/default/files/documents/2009_Gambling_Expenditure.pdf
Markham, F., Young, M., & Doran, B. (2014). Gambling expenditure predicts harm: evidence from a venue-level study. Addiction, 109(9), 1509–1516. doi:10.1111/add.12595
Markham, F., Doran, B. and Young, M. (2014) Estimating gambling venue catchments for impact assessment using a calibrated gravity model. International Journal of Geographic Information Science, 28(2): 326-342. doi:10.1080/13658816.2013.838770
Markham, F., Doran, B., & Young, M. (2014). The Spatial Extents of Casino Catchments in Australia. Growth and Change, 45(1), 60–78. doi:10.1111/grow.12032
Young, M., & Markham, F. (2014). Boozing and losing: The relationships between alcohol and gambling. Australasian Epidemiologist, 21(2), 25–27.
Young, M., Doran, B., & Markham, F. 2014. Gambling Harm in the Northern Territory: An Atlas of Venue Catchments (ISBN No. 978-0-646-90607-2). Darwin: Northern Territory Department of Business. Available from: http://www.dob.nt.gov.au/gambling-licensing/gambling/gambling-research/Documents/gambling-harm-young-doran-markham.pdf
Markham, F., Bath, J., Taylor, J., & Doran, B. 2013. New directions in Indigenous service population estimation (Working Paper No. 88). Canberra: Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, The Australian National University. [Peer reviewed]
Biddle, N., & Markham, F. 2013. Mobility (2011 Census Papers No. 9). Canberra: Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, The Australian National University.
Biddle, N., & Markham, F. 2013. Regional Centres (2011 Census Papers No. 12). Canberra: Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, The Australian National University.
Young, M., Doran, B. & Markham, F. (2013). Gambling spaces and the racial dialectics of social inclusion: A case study of a remote Australian casino. Geographical Research, 51(2), pp. 192-203, doi:10.1111/j.1745-5871.2012.00787.x
Young, M., Markham, F., & Doran, B. (2013). Gambling spaces and the paradox of Aboriginal social inclusion. In R. Craven, A. Dillon, & N. Parbury (Eds.), In Black and White: Australians All at the Crossroads (pp. 275–286). Ballan, Victoria: Connor Court Publishing.
Markham, F., Young, M. & Doran, B. (2012) Detection of problem gambler subgroups using recursive partitioning. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 11(3), pp. 281-291, doi:10.1007/s11469-012-9408-z
Markham, F., Young, M. & Doran, B. (2012) The relationship between alcohol consumption, gambling behaviour and problem gambling during a single visit to gambling venues. Drug & Alcohol Review, 31(6), pp. 770–777, doi:10.1111/j.1465-3362.2012.00430.x
Young, M., Markham, F. & Doran, B. (2012). Placing bets: Gambling venues and the distribution of harm. Australian Geographer, 43(4), pp. 425-444: doi:10.1080/00049182.2012.731302
Lea, T., Young, M. , Markham, F., Holmes, C. & Doran, B. (2012). Being moved (on): The bio-politics of walking in Australia’s frontier towns. Radical History Review, no. 114, pp. 139-163, doi: 10.1215/01636545-1598042
Young, M., Markham, F. & Doran, B. (2012). Too close to home? The Relationships between Residential Distance to Venue and Gambling Outcomes. International Gambling Studies, 12(2), pp. 257–273, doi: 10.1080/14459795.2012.664159