Dr Digby Race

B.App.Sci (Melb), M.App.Sci. (CSU), PhD (ANU)
Honorary Senior Lecturer

Over the past decade, I have led several large research projects related to the socio-economic and policy implications of changes for regional communities and industries – both in Australia and in Asia-Pacific countries (including the current projects listed above). I'm an experienced project leader, having managed a diverse range of projects with a combined value of over $4 million. I've also published widely on the socio-economic aspects of rural development and related issues for a range of audiences, with over 100 research reports, refereed articles, books/book chapters and conference papers.

In recognition of my expertise, I'm currently an Adjunct Professor with the Faculty of Forestry at the University of Gadjah Mada (Indonesia) and the Institute for Land, Water and Society at Charles Sturt University, where I contribute to PhD supervision. I've thrice been awarded an Erskine Fellowship to undertake research and post-graduate teaching at the University of Canterbury (New Zealand), and was a Visiting Fellow at the Oxford Forestry Institute, University of Oxford (UK) in 1999.  

I am also periodically contracted by various organisations as a Senior Consultant to evaluate national and regional environmental programs. I have facilitated workshops and training forums that focus on capacity building of rural communities and organisations, conflict management, and developing mutually beneficial partnerships between communities and companies, and have worked throughout Australia and in Indonesia, Laos, Papua New Guinea and South Africa during the past decade.

Research interests

  • Natural Resource Management
  • Agroforestry
  • Forestry Management And Environment
  • Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Forestry Sciences
  • Susilawati, D, Kanowski, P, Setyowati, A et al 2019, 'Compliance of smallholder timber value chains in East Java with Indonesia's timber legality verification system', Forest Policy and Economics 102: 41-50.
  • Race, D, Dockery, A, Havas, L et al 2017, 'Re-imagining the future for desert Australia: designing an integrated pathway for enhancing liveability', International Journal of Sustainable Development, vol. 20, no. 1-2, Sp. Iss. SI, pp. 146-165.
  • Permadi, D, Burton, M, Pandit, R et al 2017, 'Which smallholders are willing to adopt Acacia mangium under long-term contracts? Evidence from a choice experiment study in Indonesia', Land Use Policy, vol. 65, no. online, pp. 211-223pp.
  • Foran, T, Fleming, D, Spandonide, B et al 2016, 'Understanding energy-related regimes: A participatory approach from central Australia', Energy Policy, vol. 91, pp. 315-324.
  • Race, D & Wettenhall, G, eds, 2016, Adding value to the farmers' trees: Experiences of community-based commercial forestry in Indonesia, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, Australia.
  • Race, D, Mathew, S, Campbell, M et al 2016, 'Are Australian Aboriginal Communities Adapting to a Warmer Climate? A Study of Communities Living in Semi-Arid Australia', Journal of Sustainable Development, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 208-223.
  • Race, D, Campbell, M, Hampton, K et al 2016, 'Observations of Climate Change by Remote Communities: Lessons from the Bush in Central Australia', Journal of Australian Indigenous Issues, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 23-39.
  • Ojha, H, Ford, R, Keenan, R et al 2016, 'Delocalizing Communities: Changing forms of community engagement in natural resources governance', World Development, vol. 87, pp. 274-290.
  • Mathew, S, Lee, L & Race, D 2016, 'Conceptualising climate change adaption for native bush food production in arid Australia', Learning Communities: International Journal of Learning in Social Contexts, vol. 19, pp. 98-114.
  • Race, D, Mathew, S, Campbell, M et al 2016, 'Understanding climate adaptation investments for communities living in desert Australia: experiences of indigenous communities', Climatic Change, vol. 139, no. 3-4, pp. 461-475pp.
  • Havas, L, Ballweg, J, Penna, C et al 2015, 'Energising households: a financial analysis of incentivised energy efficiency measures in remote Australia', Energy Efficiency, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 951-962.
  • Poudel, M, Thwaites, R, Race, D et al 2015, 'Social equity and livelihood implications of REDD plus in rural communities - a case study from Nepal', International Journal of the Commons, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 177-208.
  • Race, D & Sumirat, B 2015, 'EXPLORING THE IMPLICATIONS OF SOCIAL INEQUALITIES IN COMMUNITY FORESTRY EMERGING LESSONS FROM TWO FORESTS IN INDONESIA', International Journal of Sustainable Development, vol. 18, no. 3, Sp. Iss. SI, pp. 211-228.
  • Havas, G, Ballweg, J, Penna, C et al 2015, 'Power to change: Analysis of household participation in a renewable energy and energy efficiency programme in Central Australia', Energy Policy, vol. 87, pp. 325-333.
  • Sabastian, G, Kanowski, P, Race, D et al 2014, 'Household and farm attributes affecting adoption of smallholder timber management practices by tree growers in Gunungkidul region, Indonesia', Agroforestry Systems, vol. 88, no. 2, pp. 257-268.
  • Poudel, M, Thwaites, R, Race, D et al 2014, 'REDD plus and community forestry: implications for local communities and forest management- a case study from Nepal', International Forestry Review, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 39-54.
  • Irawanti, S, Ginoga, K, Prawestisuka, A et al 2014, 'Commercialising Community Forestry in Indonesia: Lessons About the Barriers and Opportunities in Central Java', Small-scale Forestry, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 515-526.
  • Gentle, P, Thwaites, R, Race, D et al 2014, 'Differential impacts of climate change on communities in the middle hills region of Nepal', Natural Hazards, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 815-836.
  • Race, D & Curtis, A 2013, 'Reflections on the effectiveness of market-based instruments to secure long-term environmental gains in southeast Australia: Understanding landholders' experiences', Society and Natural Resources, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1050-1065.
  • Wibowo, L, Race, D & Curtis, A 2013, 'Policy under pressure: Policy analysis of community-based forest management in indonesia', International Forestry Review, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 398-405.
  • Race, D, Curtis, A & Sample, R 2012, 'Restoring the bush on private land: Perspectives of landholders in Victoria', Australasian Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 227-240.
  • Stewart, H, Race, D, Curtis, A et al 2011, 'A case study of socio-economic returns from farm forestry and agriculture in south-east Australia during 1993-2007', Forestry Policy and Economics, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 390-395.
  • Stewart, H, Race, D & Curtis, A 2011, 'New forests in changing landscapes in south-east Australia', International Forestry Review, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 67-79.
  • Race, D 2004, 'Greenhouse gas abatement: A review of potential social implications of land-use change in Australia.', Australian Forestry, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 267-273.
  • Race, D, ed., 2004, Integrating forestry into farms, communities and catchments., Australian Forest Growers, Canberra.
  • Race, D, Pagan, R & Deane, P 2003, 'Community Forestry: A complex task that needs a cautious path.', Joint Australia and New Zealand Institute of Forestry Conference 2003, ed. Mason, E.G. and Perley, C.J., Institute of Foresters of Australia, New Zealand, pp. 178-187.
  • Race, D & Freudenberger, D, eds, 2003, Farm Forestry for Green & Gold: Australian experiences of linking biodiversity to commercial forestry., Australian National University, Canberra ACT.
  • Race, D 2002, 'Has extension changed to match Australia's dynamic forestry landscape?', Rural Society, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 148-159.
  • Race, D 2002, 'For the good of us: Strengthening the social dimension of commercial forestry', Australian Forest Growers National Conference 2002, ed. David Wettenhall, Australian Forest Growers, Canberra, p. 9.
  • Race, D & Desmond, H 2002, 'Forestry Out-Grower Schemes: A Review from Selected Countries.', Journal of Sustainable Forestry, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 79-98.
  • Race, D & Reid, R, eds, 2001, Proceedings of Forestry Extension: Assisting Forest Owner, Farmer and Stakeholder Decision-making., Australian National University, Canberra.
  • Race, D, Buchy, M & Fulton, A 2001, 'A Dynamic Context: Farm Forestry Extension in Australia', Forestry Extension: Assisting Forest Owner, Farmer and Stakeholder Decision-making, ed. Race, D. and Reid, R., Australian National University, Canberra, pp. 352-362.
  • Buchy, M & Race, D 2001, 'The twists and turns of community participation in natural resource management in Australia: What is missing?', Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 293-308.
  • Fulton, A & Race, D 2000, 'Farm forestry in Australia:Why do landholders get involved?', International Symposium of IUFRO 2000, ed. Herbon, J.L., Harrison, S.R., Herbon, K.F. and Smorfitt, D.B., University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, pp. 100-108.
  • Schirmer, J, Kanowski, P & Race, D 2000, 'Factors affecting adoption of plantation forestry on farms: implications for farm forestry development in Australia', Australian Forestry, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 44-51.
  • Race, D 2000, 'Farm Forestry in Europe and the US: Synopsis of Field Research', in <> (ed.), <>, pp. 13pp.
  • Race, D 2000, 'Criteria for assessing regional farm forestry in Australia', International Symposium of IUFRO 2000, ed. Herbon, J.L., Harrison, S.R., Herbon, K.F. and Smorfitt, D.B., University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, pp. 246-254.
  • Race, D & Buchy, M 1999, 'A Role for Community Participation in Australian Forest Management?', Rural Society, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 405-419.
  • Race, D 1999, 'Regional farm forestry industries: Potential dimensions and possible outcomes', Australian Forestry, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 182-192.
  • Race, D, Curtis, A & Booth, B 1999, 'Carob agroforestry industry: an assessment of its potential for the low-medium rainfall Murray Valley region', Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 325-334.
  • Race, D & Curtis, A 1999, 'Farm Forestry in Australia: Improving Links Between Small-Scale Growers and Industry.', Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 67-86.