Associate Professor Philip Gibbons

Senior Fellow

Philip Gibbons has 30 years of experience in land management. He spent the first half of his career working with the state governments in Victoria and New South Wales as a park ranger, fire fighter and forest ecologist. Since completing a PhD in 1999 he has played key roles in: codes of practice for harvesting timber from native forests, native vegetation laws, biodiversity offsets policy, protected area management and links between land management and house loss during bushfires. He is currently an Associate Professor at The Fenner School of Environment and Society at The Australian National University where he teaches courses related to biodiversity conservation. He has published over 100 journal articles and book chapters, including three books.

Research interests

My research focuses on biodiversity conservation in managed landscapes. I develop decision-support tools used in environmental impact assessment, identify ways to manage landscapes to reduce house-losses during wildfires and identify cost-effective restoration options for biodiversity. I work with Commonwealth and State Governments, non-government agencies such as Greening Australia and private developers with an interest in ecological sustainability.

My research informs two courses that I convene: Biodiversity Conservation (ENVS3039/6024) and Vegetation and Soils (ENVS2023/6023) and I also teach the biodiversity theme in Australia's Environment (ENVS1004). There is an emphasis in each course on field-based learning.

  • Gibbons, P, Macintosh, A, Constable, A et al 2018, 'Outcomes from 10 years of biodiversity offsetting', Global Change Biology, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. e643-e654.
  • Macintosh, A, Gibbons, P, Jones, J et al 2018, 'Delays, stoppages and appeals: An empirical evaluation of the adverse impacts of environmental citizen suits in the New South Wales land and environment court', Environmental Impact Assessment Review, vol. 69, pp. 94-103.
  • Catford, J, Driscoll, D & Gibbons, P 2018, 'Seed addition and biomass removal key to restoring native forbs in degraded temperate grassland', Applied Vegetation Science, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 219-228pp.
  • Le Roux, D, Ikin, K, Lindenmayer, D et al 2018, 'The value of scattered trees for wildlife: Contrasting effects of landscape context and tree size', Diversity and Distributions, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 69-81pp.
  • Yu, S, Cui, B & Gibbons, P 2018, 'A method for identifying suitable biodiversity offset sites and its application to reclamation of coastal wetlands in China', Biological Conservation, vol. 227, pp. 284-291pp.
  • Dixon KM, Cary GJ, Worboys GL, Gibbons P (2018) The disproportionate importance of long-unburned forests and woodlands for reptiles. Ecology and Evolution 8(22), 10952–10963.
  • Dixon KM, Cary GJ, Worboys GL, Seddon J, Gibbons G (2018) A comparison of fuel hazard in recently burned and long-unburned forests and woodlands. International Journal of Wildland Fire 27, 609-622.
  • Gibbons P, Gill AM, Shore N, Moritz MA, Dovers S, Cary GJ (2018) Options for reducing house-losses during wildfires without clearing trees and shrubs, Landscape and Urban Planning 174, 10-17.
  • Lindenmayer, D, Crane, M, Evans, M et al 2017, 'The anatomy of a failed offset', Biological Conservation, vol. 210, no. -, pp. 286-292.
  • Yu, S, Cui, B, Gibbons, P et al 2017, 'Towards a biodiversity offsetting approach for coastal land reclamation: Coastal management implications', Biological Conservation, vol. 214, pp. 35-45.
  • Villasenor, N, Driscoll, D, Gibbons, P et al 2017, 'The relative importance of aquatic and terrestrial variables for frogs in an urbanizing landscape: Key insights for sustainable urban development', Landscape and Urban Planning, vol. 157, pp. 26-35.
  • Villasenor, N, Tulloch, A, Driscoll, D et al 2016, 'Compact development minimizes the impacts of urban growth on native mammals', Journal of Applied Ecology, 54, pp. 794-804.
  • Martin, N, Evans, M, Rice, J et al 2016, 'Using offsets to mitigate environmental impacts of major projects: A stakeholder analysis', Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 179, pp. 58-65pp.
  • Maron, M, Ives, C, Kujala, H et al 2016, 'Taming a Wicked Problem: Resolving Controversies in Biodiversity Offsetting', BioScience, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 489-498.
  • Gibbons, P 2016, 'Achieving greater gains in biodiversity from agri-environment schemes', in Ansell, D., Gibson, F., Salt, D. (ed.), Learning from Agri-Environment Schemes in Australia. Investing in Biodiversity and Other Ecosystem Services on Farms, ANU Press, Canberra, Australia, pp. 255-264.
  • Ansell, D, Fifield, G, Munro, N et al 2016, 'Softening the agricultural matrix: A novel agri-environment scheme that balances habitat restoration and livestock grazing', Restoration Ecology, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 159-164.
  • Ansell, D, Freudenberger, D, Munro, N et al 2016, 'The cost-effectiveness of agri-environment schemes for biodiversity conservation: A quantitative review', Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 225, pp. 184-191.
  • Sato, C, Wood, J, Stein, J et al 2016, 'Natural tree regeneration in agricultural landscapes: The implications of intensification', Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 230, pp. 98-104.
  • Gibbons, P, Evans, M, Maron, M et al 2016, 'A loss-gain calculator for biodiversity offsets and the circumstances in which no net loss is feasible', Conservation Letters, 9, 252-259.
  • Ikin, K., Tulloch, A., Gibbons, P., Ansell, D., Seddon, J., and Lindenmayer, D.B. (2016). Evaluating complementary networks of restoration plantings for landscape-scale occurrence of temporally dynamic species. Conservation Biology, 30, 1027-1037.
  • Le Roux, D.S., Ikin, K., Lindenmayer, D.B., Bistricer, G., Manning, A.D. & Gibbons, P. (2016). Effects of entrance size, tree size and landscape context on nest box occupancy: Considerations for management and biodiversity offsets. Forest Ecology and Management, 366, 135-142.
  • Stirnemann, I, Mortelliti, A, Gibbons, P et al 2015, 'Fine-scale habitat heterogeneity influences occupancy in terrestrial mammals in a temperate region of Australia', PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 10, no. 9, pp. e0138681-e0138681.
  • Villasenor, N, Blanchard, W, Driscoll, D et al 2015, 'Strong influence of local habitat structure on mammals reveals mismatch with edge effects models', Landscape Ecology, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 229-245.
  • Miller, K, Trezise, J, Kraus, S et al 2015, 'The development of the Australian environmental offsets policy: from theory to practice', Environmental Conservation, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 306-314.
  • McNellie, M, Oliver, I & Gibbons, P 2015, 'Pitfalls and possible solutions for using geo-referenced site data to inform vegetation models', Ecological Informatics, vol. 30, pp. 230-234.
  • Ikin, K., Le Roux, D.S., Rayner, L., Villaseñor, N.R., Eyles, K., Gibbons, P., Manning, A.D. & Lindenmayer, D.B. (2015). Key lessons for achieving biodiversity-sensitive cities and towns. Ecological Management & Restoration, 16, 206-214.
  • Le Roux, D., Ikin, K., Lindenmayer, D., Manning, A.D. & Gibbons, P. (2015). Single large or several small? Applying biogeographic principles to tree-level conservation and biodiversity offsets. Biological Conservation, 191, 558–566.
  • Le Roux, D.S., Ikin, K., Lindenmayer, D.B., Bistricer, G., Manning, A.D. & Gibbons, P. (2015). Enriching small trees with artificial nest boxes cannot mimic the value of large trees for hollow-nesting birds. Restoration Ecology, 24, 252–258.
  • Rayner, L., Ikin, K., Evans, M.J., Gibbons, P., Lindenmayer, D. & Manning, A.D. (2015). Avifauna and urban encroachment in time and space. Diversity and Distributions, 21, 428-440.
  • Stirnemann, I., Ikin, K., Gibbons, P., Blanchard, W. & Lindenmayer, D. (2015). Measuring habitat heterogeneity reveals new insights into bird community composition. Oecologia, 177, 733–746.
  • ten Kate, K, Pilgrim, J, Brooks, T et al 2014, Biodiversity Offsets Technical Study Paper.
  • Rayner, L, Lindenmayer, D, Wood, J et al 2014, 'Are protected areas maintaining bird diversity?', Ecography, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 43-53.
  • Lindenmayer, D, Barton, P, Lane, P et al 2014, 'An empirical assessment and comparison of species-based and habitat-based surrogates: A case study of forest vertebrates and large old trees', PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 9, no. 2, pp. e89807-e89807.
  • Rayner, L, Lindenmayer, D, Gibbons, P et al 2014, 'Evaluating empirical evidence for decline in temperate woodland birds: A nationally threatened assemblage of species', Biological Conservation, vol. 171, pp. 145-155.
  • Van Dijk, A, Mount, R, Gibbons, P et al 2014, 'Environmental reporting and accounting in Australia: Progress, prospects and research priorities', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 473, pp. 338-349.
  • Cunningham, R., Lindenmayer, D., Barton, P., Ikin, K., Crane, M., Michael, D., Okada, S., Gibbons, P. & Stein, J. (2014). Cross-sectional and temporal relationships between bird occupancy and vegetation cover at multiple spatial scales. Ecological Applications, 24, 1275-1288.
  • Cunningham, R.B., Lindenmayer, D.B., Crane, M., Michael, D.R., Barton, P.S., Gibbons, P., Okada, S., Ikin, K. & Stein, J.A.R. (2014). The law of diminishing returns: woodland birds respond to native vegetation cover at multiple spatial scales and over time. Diversity and Distributions, 20, 59–71.
  • Le Roux, D.S., Ikin, K., Lindenmayer, D.B., Blanchard, W., Manning, A.D. & Gibbons, P. (2014). Reduced availability of habitat structures in urban landscapes: Implications for policy and practice. Landscape and Urban Planning, 125, 57-64.
  • Le Roux, D.S., Ikin, K., Lindenmayer, D.B., Manning, A.D. & Gibbons, P. (2014). The future of large old trees in urban landscapes. PLoS ONE, 9, e99403.
  • Lindenmayer, D.B., Laurance, W.F., Franklin, J.F., Likens, G.E., Banks, S.C., Blanchard, W., Gibbons, P., Ikin, K., Blair, D., McBurney, L., Manning, A.D. & Stein, J.A.R. (2014). New policies for old trees: averting a global crisis in a keystone ecological structure. Conservation Letters, 7, 61-69.
  • Villasenor, N, Driscoll, D, Escobar, M et al 2014, 'Urbanization impacts on mammals across urban-forest edges and a predictive model of edge effects', PLOS One, vol. 9, no. 5, e97036.
  • Wilson, N., Gibbons, P 2014, 'Microsite factors influencing Eucalyptus regeneration in temperate woodlands', Ecological Management and Restoration, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 155-157.
  • Lentini, P, Gibbons, P, Carwardine, J et al 2013, 'Effect of planning for connectivity on linear reserve networks', Conservation Biology, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 796-807.
  • Reid, T, Hazell, D & Gibbons, P 2013, 'WHY MONITORING OFTEN FAILS TO INFORM ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT A CASE STUDY', Ecological Management and Restoration, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 224-227.
  • Maron, M, Rhodes, J & Gibbons, P 2013, 'Calculating the benefit of conservation actions', Conservation Letters, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 359-367.
  • Lindenmayer, D, Gibbons, P, Bourke, M et al 2012, 'Improving biodiversity monitoring', Austral Ecology, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 285-294.
  • Lentini, P, Martin, T, Gibbons, P et al 2012, 'Supporting wild pollinators in a temperate agricultural landscape: Maintaining mosaics of natural features and production', Biological Conservation, vol. 149, no. 1, pp. 84-92.
  • Lindenmayer, D, Blanchard, W, McBurney, L et al 2012, 'Interacting Factors Driving a Major Loss of Large Trees with Cavities in a Forest Ecosystem', PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 7, no. 10, pp. e41864-e41864.
  • Lentini, P, Gibbons, P, Fischer, J et al 2012, 'Bats in a Farming Landscape Benefit from Linear Remnants and Unimproved Pastures', PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 7, no. 11.
  • Lindenmayer, D, Hulvey, K, Hobbs, R et al 2012, 'Avoiding bio-perversity from carbon sequestration solutions', Conservation Letters, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 28-36.
  • Lindenmayer, D & Gibbons, P, eds, 2012, Biodiversity Monitoring in Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood Australia.
  • Gibbons, P 2012, 'Exploiting the back-loop of the adaptive cycle: Lessons from the Black Saturday Fires', in David Lindenmayer and Philip Gibbons (ed.), Biodiversity Monitoring in Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood Australia, pp. 165-170.
  • Manning, A, Gibbons, P, Fischer, J et al 2012, 'Hollow futures? Tree decline, lag effects and hollow-dependent species', Animal Conservation, 16, 395-403.
  • Lindenmayer, D & Gibbons, P 2012, 'Can we make biodiversity monitoring happen in Australia? Moving beyond 'it's the thought that counts'', in David Lindenmayer and Philip Gibbons (ed.), Biodiversity Monitoring in Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood Australia, pp. 193-201.
  • Lindenmayer, D & Gibbons, P 2012, 'Introduction: Making Monitoring Happen - and then delivering on Australia's Biodiversity Conservation Strategy', in David Lindenmayer and Philip Gibbons (ed.), Biodiversity Monitoring in Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood Australia, pp. 1-4.
  • Lentini, P, Martin, T, Gibbons, P et al 2012, 'Supporting wild pollinators in a temperate agricultural landscape: Maintaining mosaics of natural features and production', Biological Conservation, vol. 149, no. 1, pp. 84-92.
  • Lindenmayer, D, Wood, J, Montague-Drake, R et al 2012, 'Is biodiversity management effective? Cross-sectional relationships between management, bird response and vegetation attributes in an Australian agri-environment scheme', Biological Conservation, vol. 152, pp. 62-73.
  • Gibbons P, Van Bommel L, Gill AM, Cary GJ, et al. 2012. Land management practices associated with house loss in wildfires. PLoS ONE, 7: e2912.
  • Gibbons, P. 2012 Fuelling rational debate. The Age, 19 January, http://www.theage.com.au/opinion/society-and-culture/fuelling-rational-d...
  • Lindenmayer, D, Northrop-Mackie, A, Montague-Drake, R et al 2012, 'Not all kinds of revegetation are created equal: Revegetation type influences bird assemblages in threatened australian woodland ecosystems', PLoS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 7, no. 4, pp. e34527.
  • Driscoll, D, Felton, A, Gibbons, P et al 2012, 'Priorities in policy and management when existing biodiversity stressors interact with climate-change', Climatic Change, vol. 111, pp. 533-557.
  • Lindenmayer, D, Gibbons, P, Bourke, M et al 2012, 'Improving biodiversity monitoring', Austral Ecology, vol. 37, 285-294.
  • Seddon, J, Bathgate, A, Briggs, S et al 2011, 'Comparing Regional Biodiversity Benefits of Investment Strategies for Land-Use Change', Geographical Research, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 132-152.
  • Kennett, J, McElhinny, C & Gibbons, P 2011, 'Environmental and management factors controlling the potentially invasive native species Violet Kunzea (Kunzea parvifolia)', Ecological Management and Restoration, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 69-71.
  • Lindenmayer, D, Wood, J, McBurney, L et al 2011, 'Cross-sectional vs. longitudinal research: a case study of trees with hollows and marsupials in Australian forests', Ecological Monographs, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 557-580.
  • Lentini, P, Fischer, J, Gibbons, P et al 2011, 'AUSTRALIA S STOCK ROUTE NETWORK 2 REPRESENTATION OF FERTILE LANDSCAPES', Ecological Management and Restoration, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 148-151.
  • Lentini, P, Fischer, J, Gibbons, P et al 2011, 'AUSTRALIA S STOCK ROUTE NETWORK 1 A REVIEW OF ITS VALUES AND IMPLICATIONS FOR FUTURE MANAGEMENT', Ecological Management and Restoration, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 119-127.
  • Lentini, P, Fischer, J, Gibbons, P et al 2011, 'Value of large-scale linear networks for bird conservation: A case study from travelling stock routes, Australia', Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 141, no. 3-4, pp. 302-309.
  • Weinberg, A, Gibbons, P, Briggs, S et al 2011, 'The extent and pattern of Eucalyptus regeneration in an agricultural landscape', Biological Conservation, vol. 144, no. 1, pp. 227-233.
  • Lindenmayer, D.B., Archer, S., Barton, P.S., Bond, S., Crane, M., Gibbons, P., Kay, G., MacGregor, C., Manning, A.D., Michael, D., Montague-Drake, R., Munro, N., Muntz, R. & Stagoll, K. (2011). What makes a good farm for wildlife?, CSIRO Publishing.
  • Fischer, J, Zerger, A, Gibbons, P et al 2010, 'Tree decline and the future of Australian farmland biodiversity', PNAS - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 107, no. 45, pp. 19597-19602.
  • Zerger, A, Viscarra Rossel, R, Swain, D et al 2010, 'Environmental sensor networks for vegetation, animal and soil sciences', International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 303-316.
  • Seddon, J, Barratt, T, Love, J et al 2010, 'Linking site and regional scales of biodiversity assessment for delivery of conservation incentive payments', Conservation Letters, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 415-424.
  • Gibbons, P 2010, 'Prioritising Conservation in Temperate Woodlands', in David Lindenmayer, Andrew Bennett, Richard Hobbs (ed.), Temperate Woodland Conservation and Management, CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia, pp. 15-21.
  • Gibbons, P, McElhinny, C & Lindenmayer, D 2010, 'What strategies are effective for perpetuating structures provided by old trees in harvested forests? A case study on trees with hollows in south-eastern Australia', Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 260, no. 6, pp. 975-982.
  • Keith, H, Mackey, B, Berry, S et al 2010, 'Estimating carbon carrying capacity in natural forest ecosystems across heterogeneous landscapes: addressing sources of error', Global Change Biology, vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 2971-2989.
  • Gibbons, P, Briggs, S, Murphy, D, Lindenmayer, DB, McElhinny, C & Brookhouse, M, 2010, 'Benchmark stem densities for forests and woodlands in south-eastern Australia under conditions of relatively little modification by humans since European settlement', Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 260, pp. 2125-2133.
  • Manning, A, Gibbons, P & Lindenmayer, D 2009, 'Scattered trees: a complementary strategy for facilitating adaptive responses to climate change in modified landscapes?', Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 46, pp. 915-919.
  • Zerger, A, Gibbons, P, Seddon, J et al 2009, 'A method for predicting native vegetation condition at regional scales', Landscape and Urban Planning, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 65-77.
  • Lindenmayer, D, Welsh, A, Donnelly, C et al 2009, 'Are nest boxes a viable alternative source of cavities for hollow-dependent animals? Long-term monitoring of nest box occupancy, pest use and attrition', Biological Conservation, vol. 142, no. 1, pp. 33-42.
  • Gibbons, P, Briggs, S, Ayers, D et al 2009, 'An operational method to assess impacts of land clearing on terrestrial biodiversity', Ecological Indicators, vol. 9, pp. 26-40.
  • Felton, A, Fischer, J, Lindenmayer, D et al 2009, 'Climate change, conservation and management: an assessment of the peer-reviewed scientific journal literature', Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 18, pp. 2243-2253.
  • Lindenmayer, D, Hunter, M, Burton, P et al 2009, 'Effects of logging on fire regimes in moist forests', Conservation Letters, vol. 2, pp. 271-277.
  • Gibbons, P, Zammit, C, Youngentob, K et al 2008, 'Some practical suggestions for improving engagement between researchers and policy-makers in natural resource management', Ecological Management and Restoration, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 182-186.
  • Zerger, A, Gibbons, P, Seddon, J et al 2008, 'Native Vegetation Condition: Site to Regional Assessments', in Christopher Pettit, William Cartwright, Ian Bishop, Kim Lowell, David Pullar et (ed.), Landscape Analysis and Visualisation: Spatial models for natural resource management and planning, Springer, Berlin, Germany, pp. 139-157.
  • Gibbons, P, Cunningham, R & Lindenmayer, D 2008, 'What factors influence the collapse of trees retained on logged sites? A case-control study', Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 255, no. 1, pp. 62-67.
  • Lindenmayer, D, Hobbs, R, Montague-Drake, R et al 2008, 'A checklist for ecological management of landscapes for conservation', Ecology Letters, vol. 11, pp. 78-91.
  • Gibbons, P, Lindenmayer, D, Fischer, J et al 2008, 'The Future of Scattered Trees in Agricultural Landscapes', Conservation Biology, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 1309-1319.
  • Gibbons, P, Briggs, S, Ayers, D et al 2008, 'Rapidly quantifying reference conditions in modified landscapes', Biological Conservation, vol. 141, pp. 2483-2493.
  • Gibbons, P, Briggs, S, Zerger, A et al 2007, 'Assessing the Biodiversity Value of Stands and Patches in a Landscape Context', in DB Lindenmayer and RJ Hobbs (ed.), Managing and designing landscapes for conservation: moving from perspectives to principles, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Melbourne, pp. 203-216.
  • Zerger, A, Warren, G, Austin, M et al 2007, 'Implications of scale change on native vegetation condition mapping', International Congress on Modelling and Simulation (MODSIM 2007), ed. Les Oxley & Don Kulasiri, Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand Inc., New Zealand, pp. 1308-1314.
  • Gibbons, P & Lindenmayer, D 2007, 'Offsets for land clearing: No net loss or the tail wagging the dog?', Ecological Management and Restoration, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 26-31.
  • Gibbons, P & Lindenmayer, D 2007, Fudged Kyoto figures deceive, The Canberra Times.
  • Gibbons, P & Lindenmayer, D 2007, What's the value of biodiversity offsets?, AEDA News.
  • Gibbons, P 2007, Communicating research to policy makers, AEDA News.
  • Faunt, K, Cunningham, R, Gibbons, P et al 2006, 'The East Gippsland Silvicultural Systems Project II. Germination and early survival of eucalypt regeneration.', Australian Forestry, vol. 69, pp. 182-192.
  • Gibbons, P & Freudenberger, D 2006, 'An overview of methods used to assess vegetation condition at the scale of the site', Ecological Management and Restoration, vol. 7, pp. s10-s17.
  • McElhinny, C, Gibbons, P, Brack, C et al 2006, 'Fauna-habitat relationships: a basis for identifying key stand structural attributes in temperate Australian eucalypt forests and woodlands', Pacific Conservation Biology, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 89-110.
  • McElhinny, C, Gibbons, P & Brack, C 2006, 'An objective and quantitative methodology for constructing an index of stand structural complexity', Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 235, no. 1, pp. 54-71.
  • Gibbons, P 2006, 'Mapping vegetation condition in the context of biodiversity conservation', Ecological Management and Restoration, vol. 7, pp. s1-s2.
  • Zerger, A, Gibbons, P, Jones, S et al 2006, 'Spatially modelling native vegetation condition', Ecological Management and Restoration, vol. 7, pp. s37-s44.
  • Gibbons, P & Lindenmayer, D 2002, Tree hollows and wildlife conservation in Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Vic.
  • Gibbons, P, Lindenmayer, D, Barry, S et al 2002, 'Hollow selection by vertebrate fauna in forests of southern Australia and implications for forest management', Biological Conservation, vol. 103, pp. 1-12.
  • Lindenmayer, D, Cunningham, R, Pope, M et al 2000, 'Cavity sizes and types in Australian eucalypts from wet and dry forest types', Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 137, pp. 139-150.
  • Gibbons, P, Lindenmayer, D, Barry, S et al 2000, 'The effects of slash burning on the mortality and collapse of trees retained on logged sites in south-eastern Australia.', Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 139, pp. 51-61.
  • Gibbons, P, Lindenmayer, D, Barry, S et al 2000, 'Hollow formation in eucalypts from temperate forests in southeastern Australia', Pacific Conservation Biology, vol. 6, pp. 218-228.