Professor Geoff Cary

BAppSc (Environmental Biology) (Hons) UTS; PhD (Ecology) ANU
Associate Director (Research)

Professor Geoff Cary specialises in bushfire (wildland fire) science in the Fenner School of Environment & Society at the Australian National University (ANU). He was awarded a Bachelor of Applied Science (Environmental Biology) (Honours) from the University of Technology, Sydney, and a PhD in the topic of landscape fire modelling from ANU.

Geoff is Associate Director (Research) (2020 - ) in the Fenner School and previously served as Associate Director (Higher Degree Research). He is on the Editorial Advisory Committee, and was Associate Editor (2002-2023), for the International Journal of Wildland Fire. He was Discipline Panel Member for Excellence in Research for Australia 2015 & 2018 ANU submissions. Geoff sits on the CoS Research Committee and Fenner School Executive Committee, and has served on the CoS Reconciliation Action Plan Committee, FSES Local Area Consultative Committee, ANU WHS Fieldwork Advisory Group, ANU Statistical Consulting Unit Advisory Committee, NSW Parks & Wildlife Advisory Council, and was a mentor in the ANU NECTAR early career Mentoring Program.

Geoff gave a keynote address, on fuel management & house loss, at the Wildland Fire Canada Conference (Kananaskis, 2012). He was an invited speaker at the 10th World Wilderness Congress (Salamanca, Spain, 2013), the International Association of Landscape Ecology World Congress (Portland, USA, 2015), Banff International Research Station fire management workshop (Canada, 2017), an International Workshop of Fire Ecology (China, 2019), and the US National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine workshop on greenhouse gas emissions from wildland fires (2023).

Geoff also co-led an international group of landscape-scale wildland fire simulation modellers from 2001 to 2018. Media engagement includes Voice of America and ABC Radio National ‘The World Today’.

Research interests

Geoff’s research interests include: landscape-scale simulation of fire management & climate change effects on fire regimes; fire ecology from genes to communities; house loss in wildland fire; and laboratory experimentation of fire behaviour.

  • Environmental Management
  • Conservation And Biodiversity
  • Forestry Fire Management
  • Terrestrial Ecology
  • Landscape Ecology
  • Environmental Science And Management.

Researcher's projects

ARC Discovery Project

‘Can animal dispersal inform fire management for species conservation?’ with Sam Banks, Geoff Cary, Hugh Davies, Graeme Gillespie, and others

‘Managing Australian landscapes to reduce house loss during fire’ with Phil Gibbons, Geoff Cary, Steve Dovers, Max Moritz

Bushfire and Natural Hazards Cooperative Research Centre Project

'Mapping Bushfire Hazards and Impacts' with Marta Yebra, Albert van Dijk, Geoff Cary

ARC Linkage Project

‘Fauna, Fuel and effects of native animals on fuel dynamics and bushfire risks' with David Lindenmayer, Geoff Cary, Paul Kardol, David Wardle, and Postdoctoral Research Fellow Claire Foster

ACIAR Project

‘Improving community fire management and peatland restoration in Indonesia' with ANU Investigators Luca Tacconi, Geoff Cary, Peter Kanowski, John McCarthy, Lisa Robins, Lorrae Van Kerkhoff, and others

Other recent projects

Fenner School-National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health project

‘Climate Change and Rural Communities: Integrated Study of Physical and Social Impacts, Health Risks and Adaptive Options’

Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre project

'Future Scenarios & Economics' with Steve Dovers, Malcolm Gill & Helena Clayton

US-NZ-Aus collaborative project funded by NSF

'Wildfire-PIRE: Feedbacks and consequences of altered fire regimes in the face of climate and land-use change in Tasmania, New Zealand, and the western U.S.'


  • Taylor R, Marshall AG, Crimp S, Cary GJ, Harris S, Sauvage S (2024)Associations between Australian climate drivers and extreme weekly fire danger, International Journal of Wildland Fire 33: WF23060.
  • Gale MG & Cary GJ (2022) What determines variation in remotely sensed fire severity? Consideration of remote sensing limitations and confounding factors. International Journal of Wildland Fire 31: 291-305.
  • Shah S, Yebra M, Van Dijk AIJM, Cary GJ (2022) Relating McArthur fire danger indices to remote sensing derived burned area across Australia. International Journal of Wildland Fire 32: 133-148.
  • Zhao L, Yebra M, Van Dijk AIJM, Cary GJ (2022) Representing vapour and capillary rise from the soil improves a leaf litter moisture model. Journal of Hydrology 612: 128087
  • Quan X, Li Y, He B, Cary GJ, Gengke L (2021) Application of Landsat ETM plus and OLI Data for Foliage Fuel Load Monitoring Using Radiative Transfer Model and Machine Learning Method.IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 14: 5100-5110.
  • Yebra M, Quan X, Riaño D, Rozas-Larraondo P, Van Dijk AIJM, Cary GJ (2018) Mapping live fuel moisture content and flammability for continental Australia using optical remote sensing, 38th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018, IEEE, USA, pp. 5903-5906.
  • Cary GJ, Blanchard W, Foster CN, Lindenmayer DB (2021) Effects of altered fire intervals on critical timber production and conservation values. International Journal of Wildland Fire 30: 322-328.
  • Gale MG & Cary GJ (2021) Stand boundary effects on obligate seeding Eucalyptus delegatensis regeneration and fuel dynamics following high and low severity fire: Implications for species resilience to recurrent fire, Austral Ecology 46: 802-817.
  • Gale MG, Cary GJ, Van Dijk AIJM, Yebra M (2021) Forest fire fuel through the lens of remote sensing: Review of approaches, challenges and future directions in the remote sensing of biotic determinants of fire behaviour, Remote Sensing of Environment 255: 112282.
  • Quan X, Li Y, He B, Cary GJ, Lai G (2021) Application of Landsat ETM+ and OLI Data for Foliage Fuel Load Monitoring Using Radiative Transfer Model and Machine Learning Method. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 14: 5100-5110.
  • Shaw RE, James AI, Tuft K, Legge S, Cary GJ, Peakall R, Banks SC (2021) Unburnt habitat patches are critical for survival and in situ population recovery in a small mammal after fire, Journal of Applied Ecology 58, pp. 1325-1335.
  • Zhao L, Yebra M, Van Dijk AIJM, Cary GJ, Matthews S, Sheridan G (2021) The influence of soil moisture on surface and sub-surface litter fuel moisture simulation at five Australian sites. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 298-299: 108282
  • Yebra M, Barnes N, Bryant C, Cary GJ, et al. (2021) An integrated system to protect Australia from catastrophic bushfires. Australian Journal of Emergency Management 36, no. 4, pp. 20-22.
  • Foster CN, Banks SC, Cary GJ, Johnson CN, Lindenmayer DB, Valentine LE (2020) Animals as Agents in Fire Regimes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 35 (4), pp. 346-356.
  • Clarke H, Penman T, Boer M, Cary GJ, Fontaine JB, Price O, Bradstock R (2020) The Proximal Drivers of Large Fires: A Pyrogeographic Study. Frontiers in Earth Science 8, 90.
  • Cawson JG, Hemming V, Ackland A, Anderson W, Bowman D, Bradstock R, Brown TP, Burton J, Cary GJ, Duff TJ, Filkov A, Furlaud JM, Gazzard T, Kilinc M, Nyman P, Peacock R, Ryan M, Sharples J, Sheridan G, Tolhurst K, Wells T, Zylstra P, Penman TD (2020) Exploring the key drivers of forest flammability in wet eucalypt forests using expert-derived conceptual models. Landscape Ecology 35, 1775-1798.
  • Dixon KM, Cary GJ, Renton M, Worboys GL, Gibbons P (2019) More long-unburnt forest will benefit mammals in Australian sub-alpine forests and woodlands. Austral Ecology 44, 1150-1162.
  • Dixon KM, Cary GJ, Worboys GL, Banks SC, Gibbons P (2019) Features associated with effective biodiversity monitoring and evaluation. Biological Conservation 238, 108221.
  • Dixon KM, Cary GJ, Worboys GL, Gibbons P (2018) The disproportionate importance of long-unburned forests and woodlands for reptiles. Ecology and Evolution 8(22), 10952–10963.
  • Dixon KM, Cary GJ, Worboys GL, Seddon J, Gibbons G (2018) A comparison of fuel hazard in recently burned and long-unburned forests and woodlands. International Journal of Wildland Fire 27, 609-622.
  • Gibbons P, Gill AM, Shore N, Moritz MA, Dovers S, Cary GJ (2018) Options for reducing house-losses during wildfires without clearing trees and shrubs, Landscape and Urban Planning 174, 10-17.
  • Wilson N, Cary GJ, Gibbons P (2018) Relationships between mature trees and fire fuel hazard in Australian forest. International Journal of Wildland Fire 27, 353-362.
  • Yebra M, Quan X, Riaño D, Rozas Larraondo P, van Dijk AIJM, Cary GJ (2018) A fuel moisture content and flammability monitoring methodology for continental Australia based on optical remote sensing. Remote Sensing of Environment 212, 260-272.
  • Eburn M & Cary GJ (2017) You own the fuel, but who owns the fire? International Journal of Wildland Fire 26, 999-1008.
  • Cary GJ, Davies ID, Bradstock RA, Keane RE, Flannigan MD (2017) Importance of fuel treatment for limiting moderate-to-high intensity fire: findings from comparative fire modelling. Landscape Ecology 32: 1473-1483.
  • Doherty MD, Gill AM, Cary GJ, Austin MP (2017) Seed viability of early maturing alpine ash (Eucalyptus delegatensis subsp. delegatensis) in the Australian Alps, south-eastern Australia, and its implications for management under changing fire regimes. Australian Journal of Botany 65(7): 517-523.
  • Banks SC, Davies ID, Cary GJ (2017) When can refuges mediate the genetic effects of fire regimes? A simulation study of the effects of topography and weather on neutral and adaptive genetic diversity in fire-prone landscapes. Molecular Ecology 26,4935-4954.
  • Holgate CM, Van Dijk AIJM, Cary GJ, Yebra M (2017) Using alternative soil moisture estimates in the McArthur Forest Fire Danger Index. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 26(9), 806-819.
  • Sharples JJ, Cary GJ, Fox-Hughes P, Mooney S, Evans JP, Fletcher M-S, Fromm M, Grierson PF, Mcrae R, Baker P (2016) Natural hazards in Australia: extreme bushfire. Climatic Change 139: 85-99.
  • Zylstra P, Bradstock RA, Bedward M, Penman TD, Doherty MD, Weber RO, Gill AM, Cary GJ (2016) Biophysical mechanistic modelling quantifies the effects of plant traits on fire severity: Species, not surface fuel loads, determine flame dimensions in eucalypt forests. PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science) 11(8): e0160715.
  • Boer MM, Bowman DMJS, Murphy BP, Cary GJ, Cochrane MA, et al. (2016) Future changes in climatic water balance determine potential for transformational shifts in Australian fire regimes. Environmental Research Letters 11: 0652002.
  • Davies ID, Cary GJ, Landguth EL, Lindenmayer DB, Banks SC. 2016.
    Implications of recurrent disturbance for genetic diversity.
    Ecology and Evolution, 6, 1181-1196.
  • Mulvaney J, Sullivan AL, Cary GJ, Bishop G (2016) Repeatability of free-burning fire experiments using heterogeneous forest fuel beds in a combustion wind tunnel. International Journal of Wildland Fire 25: 445-455.
  • Cary GJ, Keane RE, Flannigan MD, Davies ID, Li C, Parsons RA and participants in three international landscape-fire model comparisons (2015) What determines area burned in large landscapes? Insights from a decade of comparative landscape-fire modelling, Large Wildland Fires, ed. Keane, Robert E.; Jolly, Matt; Parsons, Russell; Riley, Karin, US Department of Agriculture, US, pp. 262-266.
  • Hall J, Ellis PF, Cary GJ, Bishop G, Sullivan AL (2015) Long-distance spotting potential of bark strips of a ribbon gum (Eucalyptus viminalis). International Journal of Wildland Fire 24: 1109-1117
  • Yebra M, Marselis S, van Dijk A, Cary G and Chen Y (2015) Using
    LiDAR for forest and fuel structure mapping: options, benefits, requirements
    and costs. Bushfire & Natural Hazards CRC, Australia.
  • Clayton H, Mylek MR, Schirmer J, Cary GJ, Dovers SR (2014) Exploring the use of economic evaluation in Australian wildland fire management decision-making. International Journal of Wildland Fire 23: 555-566.
  • Gill, M & Cary, G (2014) Landscape fires. In: Lindenmayer, D., Dovers, S., Morton, S. (ed.),Ten Commitments Revisited: Securing Australia's Future Environment, CSIRO Publishing, Australia, pp. 281-287.
  • Milne M, Clayton H, Dovers S, Cary GJ (2014) Evaluating benefits and costs of wildland fires: Critical review and future applications. Environmental Hazards 13: 114-132.
  • Banks SC, Cary GJ, Smith A, Davies I, Driscoll D, Gill AM, Lindenmayer DB, Peakhall R. 2013. How does ecological disturbance influence genetic diversity? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 28: 670-679.
  • Bowman DMJS, Murphy BP, Boer MM, Bradstock RA, Cary GJ, et al. (2013) Forest fire management, climate change and the risk of catastrophic carbon losses. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11: 66-68.
  • Keane RE, Cary GJ, Flannigan MD et al. (2013) Exploring the role of fire, succession, climate, and weather on landscape dynamics using comparative modelling. Ecological Modelling 266: 172-186.
  • King KJ, Cary GJ, Bradstock RA, Marsden-Smedley JB (2013) Contrasting fire regimes response to climate and management: insights from two Australian ecosystems. Global Change Biology 19: 1223-1235.
  • Leavesley AJ & Cary GJ (2013) The Effect of Patch Area on Birds in Central Australian Mulga (Acacia aneura) Woodland of Different Times-since-fire. Pacific Conservation Biology 19: 28-38.
  • McWethy DB, Higuera PE, Whitlock C, Veblen TT, Bowman DMJS, Cary GJ, Haberle SG, Keane RE, Maxwell BD, McGlone MS, Perry GLW, Wilmshurst JM, Holz A, Tepley AJ (2013) A conceptual framework for predicting temperate ecosystem sensitivity to human impacts on fire regimes. Global Ecology and Biogeography 22: 900-912.
  • Murphy BP, Bradstock RA, Boer MM, Carter J, Cary GJ, et al. (2013) Fire regimes of Australia: A pyrogeographic model system. Journal of Biogeography 40: 1048-1058.
  • Gill, AM, Stephens, SL & Cary, GJ (2013) The worldwide "wildfire" problem. Ecological Applications 23: 438-454.
  • Williams RJ, Bradstock RA, Cary GJ, Dovey L, et al. (2013) Current fire regimes, impacts and the likely changes - VII: Australian fire regimes under climate change: impacts, risks and mitigation in Goldammer, J.G. (ed.), Vegetation Fires and Global Change: Challenges for Concerted International Action. A White Paper directed to the United Nations and International Organizations, Kessel Publishing House, Germany, pp. 133-142.
  • Cary GJ, Bradstock RA, Gill AM, Williams RJ (2012) Global change and fire regimes in Australia. In: Ross A Bradstock, A. Malcolm Gill and Richard Williams (eds.), Flammable Australia: Fire Regimes, Biopdiversity and Ecosystems in a Changing World, CSIRO Publishing, Australia, pp. 149-169.
  • Bradstock RA, Cary GJ, Davies I, Lindenmayer DB, Price OF. 2012. Wildfires, fuel treatment and risk mitigation in Australian eucalypt forests: Insights from landscape-scale simulation. Journal of Environmental Management, 105: 66-75.
  • Cary G, Collett E, Gill M, Clayton H, Dovers D (2012) Future scenarios for Australian bushfires: Report on a Bushfire CRC workshop. Australian Journal of Emergency Management 27: 34-40.
  • Bradstock RA, Boer MM, Cary GJ, et al. (2012) Modelling the potential for prescribed burning to mitigate carbon emissions from wildfires in fire-prone forests of Australia. International Journal of Wildland Fire 21: 629-639
  • Gibbons P, Van Bommel L, Gill AM, Cary GJ, et al. 2012. Land management practices associated with house loss in wildfires. PLoS ONE, 7: e2912.
  • King KJ, Cary GJ, Gill AM, Moore AD (2012) Implications of changing climate and atmospheric CO2 for grassland fire in south-east Australia: insights using the GRAZPLAN grassland simulation model. International Journal of Wildland Fire 21: 695-708.
  • Vivian LM & Cary GJ (2012) Relationship between leaf traits and fire-response strategies in shrub species of a mountainous region of south-eastern Australia. Annals of Botany 109: 197-208.
  • Williams RJ, Bradstock RA, Barrett D, Beringer J, Boer MM, Cary GJ, Cook GD, Gill AM, Hutley LBW, Keith H, Maier S, Meyer CP, Price O, Roxburgh S and Jeremy Russell-Smith J (2012) Fire regimes and carbon in Australian vegetation. In Flammable Australia: Fire Regimes, Biodiversity and Ecosystems in a Changing World (Bradstock RA, Williams RJ, Gill AM Eds.). pp. 273-291. CSIRO Publishers, Melbourne
  • Gill M & Cary G (2012) Socially Disastrous Landscape Fires in South-eastern Australia: Impacts, Responses, Implications. In: Douglas Paton, Fantina Tedim (eds.), Wildfire and Community - Facilitating Preparedness and Resilience, Charles C Thomas Publisher Ltd, Springfield, Illinois, USA, pp. 14-32.
  • Penman TD, Christie FJ, Andersen AN, Bradstock RA, Cary GJ, et al. (2011) Prescribed burning: how can it work to conserve the things we value? International Journal of Wildland Fire 20: 721-733.
  • Keane RE, Cary GJ, Flannigan MD (2011) Challenges and Needs in Fire Management: A Landscape Simulation Modeling Perspective In: Chao Li, Raffaele Lafortezza, Jiquan Chen (ed.), Landscape Ecology in Forest Management and Conservation, Springer, Berlin, pp. 75-98.
  • King KJ, de Ligt RM, Cary GJ (2011) Fire and carbon dynamics under climate change in south-eastern Australia: Insights from FullCAM and FIRESCAPE modelling. International Journal of Wildland Fire 20: 563-577.
  • Vivian LM, Doherty MD, Cary GJ (2010) Classifying the fire-responses of plants: How reliable are species-level classifications? Austral Ecology 35: 264-273.
  • Leavesley AJ, Cary GJ, Edwards GP, Gill AM (2010) The effect of fire on birds of mulga woodland in arid central Australia. International Journal of Wildland Fire 19: 949-960.
  • Driscoll DA, Lindenmayer DB, Bennett AF, Bode M, Bradstock RA, Cary GJ, et al. 2010. Fire management for biodiversity conservation: Key research questions and our capacity to answer them. Biological Conservation, 143: 1928-1939.
  • Driscoll DA, Lindenmayer DB, Bennett AF, Bode M, Bradstock RA, Cary GJ, et al. 2010.Resolving conflicts in fire management using decision theory: asset-protection versus biodiversity conservation. Conservation Letters, 3: 215-223.
  • Cary GJ, Flannigan MD, Keane RE, et al. (2009) Relative importance of fuel management, ignition management and weather for area burned: evidence from five landscape-fire-succession models. International Journal of Wildland Fire 18: 147-156.
  • King K, De Ligt R, Cary G (2009) Changes in fire and carbon dynamics for projected future climates in the south eastern Australian high country. International Congress on Modelling and Simulation (MODSIM 2009), ed. Anderssen, R.S., R.D. Braddock and L.T.H. Newham, Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand Inc., Australia, pp. 2569-2575.
  • Gardner RH, Jopp F, Cary GJ, Verburg PH (2008) World congress highlights need for action. Landscape Ecology 23: 1-2.
  • Vivian LM, Cary GJ, Bradstock RA, Gill AM (2008) Influence of fire severity on the regeneration, recruitment and distribution of eucalypts in the Cotter River Catchment, Australian Capital Territory. Austral Ecology 33: 55-67.
  • King KJ, Bradstock RA, Cary GJ, Chapman J, Marsden-Smedley JB (2008) The relative importance of fine-scale fuel mosaics on reducing fire risk in south-west Tasmania, Australia. International Journal of Wildland Fire 17: 421-430.
  • Keane RE, Cary GJ, Davies ID, Flannigan MD, et al. (2007) Understanding Global Fire Dynamics by Classifying and Comparing Spatial Models of Vegetation and Fire. In: Joseph G Canadell, Diane E Pataki, Louis F Pitelka (ed.), Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World, Springer, Germany, pp. 139-148.
  • Cary GJ, Keane RE, Gardner RH, Lavorel S, Flannigan MD, et al. (2006) Comparison of the sensitivity of landscape-fire-succession models to variation in terrain, fuel pattern, climate and weather. Landscape Ecology 21: 121-137.
  • King KJ, Cary GJ, Bradstock RA, Chapman J, Pyrke A, Marsden-Smedley JB (2006) Simulation of prescribed burning strategies in south-west Tasmania, Australia: effects on unplanned fires, fire regimes, and ecological management values. International Journal of Wildland Fire 15: 527-540.
  • Cary G (2005) Modelling applications of the Australian forest fire danger index. NRIFD Symposium 2005, ed. Kohyu Satoh, Research Centre for Fire and Disasters, Tokyo.
  • Cary G (2005) Climate change and bushfire incidence. Clean Air Forum 2004, NSW Department of Environment and Conservation, Sydney, pp. 15-18.
  • Cary GJ (2005) Research priorities arising from the 2002-2003 bushfire season in south-eastern Australia. Australian Forestry 68: 104-111.
  • Keane RE, Cary GJ, Davies ID, et al. (2004) A classification of landscape fire succession models: Spatial simulations of fire and vegetation dynamics. Ecological Modelling 179: 3-27.
  • Dovers S, Cary G, Lindenmayer D (2004) Fire research and policy priorities: insights from the 2003 national fire forum. Australian Journal of Emergency Management, 19, 76-84.
  • Cary G (2004) Importance of climate change for fire regimes. Bushfire in a Changing Environment: New Directions in Management, ed. Angela Baker, Matthew Sparks, Bruce Diekman, Sian Edmondson, Matthew Misdale, An, Nature Conservation Council NSW Inc, Sydney, pp. 155-161.
  • King K, Bradstock R, Cary G, et al. (2004) Optimal risk-management of bushfires in a changing world. Bushfire CRC Conference 2004, Bushfire CRC, Australia, p. 2.
  • Cary G, Lindenmayer D & Dovers S. 2003 Research and policy priorities: A synthesis. In: Cary, G., Lindenmayer, D., and Dovers, S. (ed.), Australia Burning: Fire Ecology, Policy and Management Issues, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, pp. 252-265.
  • Cary G, Lindenmayer D & Dovers S, eds. (2003) Australia Burning: Fire Ecology, Policy and Management Issues, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
  • Cary G (2003) Fire behaviour and fire regime science: a discussion summary. In: Cary, G., Lindenmayer, D., and Dovers, S. (ed.), Australia burning: fire ecology, policy and management issues, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, pp. 97-102.
  • Cary G (2003) Australia burning: a discussion summary. In: Cary, G., Lindenmayer, D., and Dovers, S. (ed.), Australia burning: fire ecology, policy and management issues, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, pp. 248-251.
  • Cary G (2003) Sensitivity of Fire Regimes to Climate Change. Climate Impacts on Australia's Natural Resources: Current and Future Challenges, ed. Qld Govt, Standing Committee on Natural Resource Management, QLD, pp. 33-35.
  • Keane RE, Cary GJ, Parsons R (2003) Using simulation to map fire regimes: an evaluation of approaches, strategies, and limitations. International Journal of Wildland Fire 12: 309-322.
  • Cary G, Bradstock R (2003) Sensitivity of fire regimes to management. In: Cary, G., Lindenmayer, D., and Dovers, S. (ed.), Australia burning: fire ecology, policy and management issues, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, pp. 65-81.
  • Cary G (2002) Importance of a changing climate for fire regimes in Australia. In: Bradstock, R.A., Williams, Jann E., and Gill, Malcolm A. (ed.), Flammable Australia: The Fire Regimes and Biodiversity of a Continent, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 26-46.
  • McCarthy M & Cary G (2002) Fire regimes in landscapes: models and realities. In: Bradstock, R.A., Williams, Jann E., and Gill, Malcolm A. (ed.), Flammable Australia: The Fire Regimes and Biodiversity of a Continent, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 77-93.
  • Richards R, Cary G, Bradstock R (2001) The sensitivity of snow gum to fire scarring in relation to Aboriginal landscape burning. Australasian Bushfire Conference 2001, ed. Pearce, G. and Lester, L., New Zealand Forest Research Institute Ltd, Rotorua, NZ, pp. 285-292.
  • Bradstock R, Cary G (2001) What governs fire regimes ?. Australasian Bushfire Conference 2001, ed. Pearce, G. and Lester, L., New Zealand Forest Research Institute Ltd, Rotorua, NZ, pp. 182-189.
  • Cary G (2000) What technology can do. Fire! The Australian Experience, National Academies Forum, Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, Carlton, Victoria, pp. 79-91.
  • Cary G (1999) Simulating fire regimes with FIRESCAPE. Landscape Fire Modelling Workshop, ed. Hawkes, B.C.; Flannigan, M.D., Canadian Forest Service, Canada, pp. 32-33.

Geoff teaches bushfire dynamics and management in ANU courses, including ‘Fire in the Environment’ (Convenor), with contributions to: ‘Island Sustainable Development’; 'Environment & Society'; 'Climate Change Vulnerability & Adaptation'; 'Biodiversity Conservation'; and 'Environmental Policy'.

He managed the PhD and MPhil program in the Fenner School as Associate Director for Higher Degree Research in 2010 and 2011.

Available student projects

Projects are developed in consultation with potential students.

Current student projects

Heather Burns (Fenner School, ANU)

PhD: Examining the effectiveness of supplementary habitats for small mammals and reptiles after fire (Associate Supervisor)

Rachel Taylor (Fenner School, ANU)

PhD: Australian Fire Season Severity Forecasting in Present and Future Climates (Associate Supervisor)

Sami Ullah Shah (Fenner School, ANU)

PhD: Development of a composite method to predict wildfire hazard using remote sensing data and GIS (Associate Supervisor)

Vicki Miller (School of Culture, History and Language, ANU)

PhD: Long term fire and vegetation change in south-western Victoria: Disentangling anthropogenic factors from natural drivers (Associate Supervisor)

Alex Carey (Charles Darwin University)

PhD: Using landscape genetics and other tools to understand how spatial patterns of fire affect the dispersal and persistence of mammals on the Tiwi islands (external Associate Supervisor)

Past student projects

Past Graduate Research Supervision

Dr. Matt Gale (Fenner School, ANU)

PhD: Applications of LiDAR for bushfire fuel assessment in Australian forests (Primary Supervisor and Panel Chair)

Dr. Matt Chard (Fenner School, ANU)

PhD: Flora, fauna & fire: Feedbacks of macropod herbivory on fire regimes (Associate Supervisor)

Dr. Li Zhao (Fenner School, ANU)

PhD: Incorporating soil moisture dynamics for dead fine fuel moisture estimates (Associate Supervisor)

Dr Daniel May (School of History, ANU)

PhD: Taking Fire: The Historical and Contemporary Politics of Indigenous Burning in Australia and the Western United States (Associate Supervisor)

Dr Michael Doherty (Fenner School, ANU)

PhD: Fire Severity and Plant Community Dynamics in the Australian Alps, Southeastern New South Wales (Primary Supervisor and Panel Chair)

Dr Kelly Dixon (Fenner School, ANU)

PhD: Achieving ecological integrity in protected areas: aligning fire management with conservation objectives (Associate Supervisor)

Dr David Taylor (Fenner School, ANU)

PhD: Prescribed burning to increase the richness of long-unburned and fragmented mallee communitiess (Primary Supervisor and Panel Chair)

Dr Robyn Shaw (Research School of Biology, ANU)

PhD: The genetic consequences of demography and disturbance in small mammal populations (Associate Supervisor)

Dr Zoe Reynolds (Research School of Biology, ANU)

PhD: Disturbed birds: The function of fire in shaping patterns of avian diversity in south-eastern Australia (Associate Supervisor)

Dr Ian Davies (Fenner School, ANU)

PhD: Scale and abstraction: The sensitivity of fire-regime simulation to nuisance parameters (Primary Supervisor and Panel Chair)

Dr Luke Nguyen-Hoan (Computer Science, ANU)

PhD: Visualising ecological scenarios and simulations (Supervisor)

Dr Phil Zylstra (ADFA, UNSW)

PhD: Forest flammability - modeling and managing a complex system (co-supervisor)

Dr Adam Leavesley (Fenner School, ANU)

PhD: The response of birds to the fire regimes of mulga woodlands in central Australia (Primary Supervisor and Panel Chair)

Dr Lyndsey Vivian (Fenner School, ANU)

PhD: Variation in fire response traits of plants in mountainous plant communities of south-eastern Australia (Primary Supervisor and Panel Chair)

Dr Karen King (Fenner School, ANU)

PhD: Simulating the effects of anthropgenic burning on patterns of biodiversity (Primary Supervisor and Panel Chair)

Dr Auro Almeida (Fenner School, ANU)

PhD: Application of a process-based model for predicting and explaining growth in Eucalyptus plantations (Panel Chair)

Nic Gellie (Fenner School, ANU)

MPhil: Landscape Susceptibility to Large Fires (Primary Supervisor and Panel Chair)

Mourad Jaffar-Bandjee (Université Paris Sud, France)

Master of Environment: Effect of disturbance on genetic diversity (Supervisor)


Past Honours Research Supervision

Riley Guyatt (Fenner School, ANU; CSIRO), Honours: Investigating the behaviour of backing fire in dry eucalypt litter under controlled conditions; 2023 Tillyard Prize recipient (ANU Supervisor)

Sophia Cain (Fenner School, ANU), Honours: Impacts of macropod herbivory on plant traits - consequences for flammability (Co-supervisor)

Margot Schneider (Fenner School, ANU), Honours: Exploring the effects of past fire regimes on leaf chemistry: Can fire make a system more flammable? (Co-supervisor)

Matt Gale (Fenner School, ANU), Vulnerability of post-fire Eucalyptus delegatensis regeneration across stand boundaries

Lauren De Waal (Research School of Engineering, ANU), Grassland curing and moisture content monitoring with automated sensing systems

Nick Wilson (Fenner School, ANU), Effects of competition on vegetation structure and fuel characteristics

James Hall (Fenner School, ANU), Combustion and flight characteristics of smooth-bark firebrands

Josh Mulvaney (Fenner School, ANU), Fire behaviour variability arising from standard fuel beds in a horizontal wind tunnel

Amy Davidson (Fenner School, ANU), Statistical modeling of fire frequency in the Sydney region

Rob de Ligt (Fenner School, ANU), Modelling fire probability in the Sydney region

Carola K. de Bednarik (ANU), Factors affecting fire severity in the 2003 bushfires

Lyndsey Vivian (ANU), Recruitment at eucalypt stand boundaries after bushfires

Christine Kelly (ANU), Effects of fire frequency on subalpine understory

Michael Nguyen (ANU), Bushfire effects on water yield

Rochelle Richards (ANU), Snow gum sensitivity to bushfire scar formation

Brendan Pippen (ANU), Modelling bushfire fuel moisture content

Ben Stein (ANU), Species distribution modelling

Alison Pritchard (ANU), Bushfire fuel modelling


Past Supervision of Independent Research and Advanced Studies Projects

Josie Ginty (PhB Scholar), The environmental impacts of global change: a case study in Eucalyptus pauciflora (Supervisor)

Josh Mulvaney (Fenner School), Using fuel moisture models to develop an experimental burning program (Supervisor)

Rachael Tarlinton (Fenner school), Use of hyperspectral remote sensing data for assessing fuel moisture content (Supervisor)